The Science

Why is The First 1000 Days such a critical time for building your baby’s brain?

According to Viv Bennett, Chief Nurse, Public Health England,  'It's vital every child gets the best start in life if they are to reach their full potential.'  'Early speech, language and communication skills provide a foundation for young children to develop, build relationships and socially interact with others and be ready for school.'  

Early language skills help children build relationships which in turn help them be ready for school and life.

The early days are important for learning

The First 1000 Days of life (from conception to two) is the most effective time to do this. A little play and input by parents and careers in those early days of life reap massive results both for individuals and communities.  It helps build your baby's potential, in academics, economics, health, resilience and successful life navigation.  

Babies need adults!

With a responsive, and interactive adult providing stimulation and engagement, a child’s brain gets stronger and ready for future learning and development.

Responsive adults create stronger brains in their children.

According to the Centre on the Developing Child at Harvard University, a child’s brain contains 40 billion neurons, and makes 100 trillion synapses or connections, sending 1million messages to the rest of the body every second.  One million neural connections a second are formed during the first year of our lives (this is more than at any other time in our lives). Those that are not used get weak and disappear through a natural process called pruning. The ones that are used grow strong and are reinforced.  

This is why early interaction and communication with babies and young children is so essential. 

Relationships matter

The framework of the brain is built by loving caring relationships, interaction and responding to the child.

Scientists who have studied child brain development, have discovered that children who are stimulated through language, eye to eye contact, responsive body language, interesting activities and children who are brought up in a caring and a secure environment, will go on to be more ready for school, more ready to learn and more ready to face the challenges of life. 

Learning builds on learning, more advanced skills are built on lesser skills. Much like a brick tower built on a flat base is stronger than one built on a wobbly base. 

Blocks built on a wobbly foundation can never be strong, much like a child's learning.  The stronger the blocks, the stronger the learner

Research is showing us that the brain needs a strong foundation on which to be built.  Supportive and interactive adults can provide this foundation during the very early years of life.  The brain works as a whole and so, if the foundation is not strong, this will affect every area of the brain as a child develops.  Brain development is not set in stone by 2 years of age, far from it, but what happens in the early years of life will affect the future.   

Adult relationships with children set the foundation for later life learning

As adults, we really can affect the potential and outcomes of our children.  Through thoughtful play, communication and engagement with our children, we can affect their future – academically, socially and emotionally.   We can help them get ‘Great Learning from the Start’.

More About Brain Development

 Center on the Developing Child, Harvard University.

 First Things -Early Childhood Matters, brain development - Baby brain development